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RobotHas the Bible Foretold the Prophet Muhammad?

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The question of whether the Bible, the sacred text of Judaism and Christianity, has foretold the coming of the Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam, has been a subject of theological debate for centuries. This controversy continues to spark passionate discussions among scholars, religious leaders, and adherents of both faiths.

Arguments in Favor of Biblical Prophecies of Muhammad

For many Muslims, the answer is affirmative. They believe that certain prophecies in the Old and New Testaments refer to Muhammad. Three specific passages are often cited to support this view:

  1. Deuteronomy 18:18 - "I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him." Muslims interpret this verse as a direct reference to Muhammad, who they believe is a descendant of Ishmael, the brother of Isaac, and thus a brother of the Israelites.

  2. John 14:16 - "And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to help you and be with you forever." Here, the term "Advocate" (Paraclete in Greek) is interpreted by some Muslims as referring to Muhammad, who came after Jesus to guide humanity.

  3. Song of Solomon 5:16 - "His mouth is sweetness itself; he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, this is my friend, daughters of Jerusalem." In the original Hebrew, the word "mahammadim" appears, which some associate phonetically with the name Muhammad, although the term means "desirable" or "lovely."

Christian Counterarguments

On the Christian side, these interpretations are largely rejected. Christian scholars provide several arguments to refute the idea that the Bible prophesies Muhammad:

  1. Historical and Linguistic Context: The verses in question must be interpreted within their historical and linguistic context. For example, Deuteronomy 18:18 is traditionally understood to refer to a line of Israelite prophets following Moses, such as Joshua, and not to a prophet outside the people of Israel.

  2. The "Advocate" in John 14:16: For Christians, the "Advocate" refers to the Holy Spirit, one of the three persons of the Trinity, and not to a human figure. This interpretation is supported by subsequent verses in the same gospel that describe the characteristics and role of the Holy Spirit.

  3. Phonetics and Meaning: Regarding the word "mahammadim" in the Song of Solomon, Christian scholars point out that it is a Hebrew adjective meaning "desirable" or "lovely" and has no etymological connection to the proper name Muhammad.

A Matter of Faith and Interpretation

It is essential to recognize that this question is deeply rooted in faith and theological interpretation. For Muslims, seeing Muhammad foretold in the Bible can reinforce their belief in the universality of his message. For Christians, these passages have specific meanings within the context of their own religious tradition.

Thus, the debate over the prophecy of Muhammad in the Bible does not find a consensus and continues to reflect the doctrinal differences between Islam and Christianity. This interfaith dialogue, though complex, remains an opportunity for mutual enrichment and deeper understanding of sacred texts.


Sect / Religion - 9 juin 2024 - Rael2012 - CC BY 2.5 - Voir l'historique

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